Prunus serrula is a small, round headed, deciduous tree ideal for small gardens or areas with limited space. Nonetheless, demand is high for the fruit. A cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy drupe (stone fruit). It tolerates a variety of soil types and has a wide pH range. It was The number of chilling hours required depends on the variety. Other major producers of sweet cherries were the United States and Iran. Green in spring and summer, yellow in autumn, Flowers: Small, white flowers around April time, Prunus In the United States, most sweet cherries are grown in Washington, California, Oregon, Wisconsin, and Michigan. Green in spring and summer, yellow in autumn. Most cherry varieties have a chilling requirement of 800 or more hours, meaning that in order to break dormancy, blossom, and set fruit, the winter season needs to have at least 800 hours where the temperature is below 45 °F (7 °C). Native and non-native sweet cherries grow well in Canada's provinces of Ontario and British Columbia where an annual cherry festival has been celebrated for seven consecutive decades in the Okanagan Valley town of Osoyoos. 10m. In 2012 the 'Branklyn' variety gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit. [46] Sweet cherry varieties in British Columbia include 'Rainier', 'Van', 'Chelan', 'Lapins', 'Sweetheart', 'Skeena', 'Staccato', 'Christalina' and 'Bing'. Most sour (also called tart) cherries are grown in Michigan, followed by Utah, New York, and Washington. New varieties are being introduced, including the late season 'Staccato' and early season 'Sequoia'. Cultivar: ’serrula’. [43] These varieties extend the range of cultivation of cherries to the mild winter areas of southern US. Paperbark cherry is best known for its stunning bark―the dark coppery peeling bark is actually a plastic film, and it works quite well for winter interest. At the fruiting stage in June/July (Europe), the cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cingulata and Rhagoletis cerasi) lays its eggs in the immature fruit, whereafter its larvae feed on the cherry flesh and exit through a small hole (about 1 mm diameter), which in turn is the entry point for fungal infection of the cherry fruit after rainfall. Common Name: Tibetan Cherry. [10] Cherries blossom in April (in the Northern Hemisphere) and the peak season for the cherry harvest is in the summer. selection of a suitable tree. For a complete list of species, see List of Prunus species. The subgenus is native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with two species in America, three in Europe, and the remainder in Asia. Narrow leaves turn yellow in autumn. Key production areas include Young, Orange and Bathurst in New South Wales, Wandin, the Goulburn and Murray valley areas in Victoria, the Adelaide Hills region in South Australia, and the Huon and Derwent Valleys in Tasmania. Flowers: Small, white flowers around April time. It prefers full sun and does well in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 8. Genus: Prunus. [9] In Europe, the first visible pest in the growing season soon after blossom (in April in western Europe) usually is the black cherry aphid ("cherry blackfly", Myzus cerasi), which causes leaves at the tips of branches to curl, with the blackfly colonies exuding a sticky secretion which promotes fungal growth on the leaves and fruit. Some other species, although having edible fruit, are not grown extensively for consumption, except in northern regions where the two main species will not grow. Raw sweet cherries are 82% water, 16% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and negligible in fat (table). [3], The flowers, typical of Prunus, are produced in clusters of one to three. Details P. serrula is a round-headed small deciduous tree, the trunk with shining coppery-brown young bark. Its potential as an invasive species is low, as it is susceptible to many common garden diseases and pests such as fire blight, powdery mildew and Japanese beetles. It forms a rounded shape with dark green leaves that turn yellow or red in autumn. of Prunus, Demands: Like most cherries it thrives best on well drained soil, Foliage: Narrow, serrated leaves. The Tibetan Cherry is a small to medium-sized. Exposure: Full sun. "rock cherry" is used as an alternative common name for both P. prostrata and P. mahaleb and "wild cherry" is used for several species. [2] The smooth bark is a brownish red, with prominent horizontal lenticels. Key commercial varieties in order of seasonality include 'Empress', 'Merchant', 'Supreme', 'Ron's seedling', 'Chelan', 'Ulster', 'Van', 'Bing', 'Stella', 'Nordwunder', 'Lapins', 'Simone', 'Regina', 'Kordia' and 'Sweetheart'. [45] In addition to the Okanagan, other British Columbia cherry growing regions are the Similkameen Valley and Kootenay Valley, all three regions together producing 5.5 million kg annually or 60% of total Canadian output. It is sometimes grafted to Prunus serrulata (Japanese cherry) crowns, forming a tree with red bark and showier flowers. It blooms in spring with small, white flowers and turns colour beautifully in autumn. The leaves are a deep medium to dark green. Soil type: Any reasonable soil.