Mahapadma is a number = Padma x 1000 x100 = 10^37. Despite the extreme wealth and the military might of Magadha, its king was hugely unpopular on account of his cruelty  and the high rates of taxation he imposed on the populace. Haryanaka Dynasty. Hence, he encouraged Chandragupta to take over. Books Ajatashatru also expanded his father's territories considerably; he annexed Kosala, the Lichchhavi republic, Kashi, and Avanti. Magadha was one of 16 territorial units termed as mahajanapadas, which included both kingdoms and republics. Magadha’s expansion was to resume under the Mauryas, after Chandragupta Maurya (322/21 - 297 BCE) overthrew Dhanananda. License. Infantry was given importance and this was the arm where maximum numbers were concentrated. It is also, unsurprisingly, a key text when it comes to understanding intrigue as a means of warfare. The mighty Magadha kingdom had given way to a kingdom even more powerful: the Mauryan Empire. The fortress of Pataligrama was built by Magadha in defence, which within a generation developed into the city of Pataliputra, the capital of empires in India for centuries to come. Puru, Yadu (ancestor of Lord Krishna and founder of Yadu Dynasty or Yadavas), Turvasa, Adu, Druhyu, Alina, Paktha, Bhalanas, Siva and Vishanin, then revolted against Sudās but were defeated by him. Dhanananda lost, and it is quite interesting to see how. It was an important arm and princes and kings were expected to know how to handle horses. Bimbisara first annexed Anga to the east. Magadhan and Mauryan Arms and Armourby Dharma (CC BY). However, a scholar called Vishnugupta Chanakya or Kautilya (c. 4th century BCE) decided to take radical action in order to avenge his humiliation at the hands of the king. King Bimbisara (543 – 492 BCE), who was also known as Shrenika or Seniya, was the son of King Bhattiya, the first king of the Haryanka dynasty. In 326 BCE, the army of Alexander approached the western boundaries of Magadha. He stated that the Vrijis could not be conquered, as they were observing all conditions that strengthen a republic, including holding assemblies and unity of counsel and policy. Son of a minor king called Bhattiya, he belonged to the Haryanka Dynasty, which is said to be the second imperial dynasty of Magadha.However, it is only from Bimbisara’s reign that the historicity of different Indian kings … In fact, he is identified as the first empire builder in Indian History.Dhanananda was the last king of Nanda dynasty. The capital was at Vaishali and it was governed by an oligarchy composed of a governing body of 7707 members, styled raja (king). He buried those many gold coins in pots along the banks of river Ganga. The kingdom fell when the king was weak and unpopular and his supporters lost to intrigue—it was not exactly a military defeat. In ancient India from the 6th century BCE onwards, the kingdom of Magadha (6th century BCE to 4th century BCE) made a mark for itself. 519 B.C. [20], Magadha and other Mahajanapadas in the post-Vedic period, Territorial expansion of the Magadha empires 6th century BCE onwards, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Rigvedic history: poets, chieftains, and polities, "Lumbini Development Trust: Restoring the Lumbini Garden", "Review of Bronkhorst, Johannes, Greater Magadha: Studies in the Culture of Early India", "Mahavamsa : the great chronicle of Ceylon",, 4th-century BC disestablishments in India, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles needing additional references from September 2015, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from March 2016, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Bihar articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Darbhaka or Darshaka or Harshaka (25 years), This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 13:56. Pali works refer to Mahapadma as Ugrasena because of his huge army. They belonged to Lunar Dynasty (Chandra Vamsam). [11]Buddha founded Buddhism which received royal patronage in the kingdom. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Landmark Cases In India, Founder of this dynasty, Pratyota or Balaka was son of Munika or Sunaka. His conquests enabled Magadha to stretch its boundaries much further (Koshala was annexed), with the result that by the time of Dhanananda (329 - 322/21 BCE), the last ruler of the dynasty, the kingdom possessed a vast treasure, and an army numbering 20,000 cavalry, 200,000 infantry, 2,000 chariots and 3,000 elephants, as according to the Roman hostorian Curtius (1st century CE). The most important sources are the Buddhist Pāli Canon, the Jain Agamas and the Hindu Puranas. It was the nucleus of several larger kingdoms or empires between the 6th century bce and the 8th century ce. The first on the list (according to him) was his own father, whom he deposed, imprisoned and later killed, for fear that the throne might be given to any of his half-brothers. The equipment of the infantry included arms as well as armour. It appears that Ajatashatru sent a minister to the area who worked for three years to undermine the unity of the Licchavis. When the Buddha died and his remains were distributed among his disciples, a major share fell to Ajatashatru who was the most powerful king of that period. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Thus Bimbisara is considered as the main founder of the dynasty. This also points to the military capabilities of his opponents, and that at this time, Magadha was not militarily superior. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. He attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya, gave his first sermon in Sarnath and the first Buddhist council was held in Rajgriha.[6]. The importance of Magadha's culture can be seen in that Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism adopted some of its features, most significantly a belief in rebirth and karmic retribution. As per plan, within a few years, he created so much dissension and disunity among the Vrijis (especially among the members of the assembly) that they could no longer agree to help each other hold off the Magadhans! The tasks of the horsemen included cutting off provisions and reinforcements of the enemy, scouting and reconnaissance, besides charging the enemy especially at the flanks and the rear, protecting other units of the army and covering advances and retreats and pursuing the retreating enemy. Sham fights would be organized and the army deployed in battles which were then reviewed. [Atharva Veda, V.22.14]. He argues for a cultural area termed "Greater Magadha", defined as roughly the geographical area in which the Buddha and Mahavira lived and taught. Forts were built, attacked and defended. Related Content Kingdom of Magadha: Wars and Warfare. Mauryan and Pre-Mauryan soldiers from the Sanchi Stupaby Dharma (CC BY). After the Kurukshetra war, the power of Magadha seems to have diminished somewhat because there are references to it being annexed by a south-western neighbour, Avanti. A major characteristic of the wars waged by Ajatashatru were that both were long-drawn-out affairs, with no quick conclusions or no single decisive battlefield victory that could decide the outcome of the war. The initial reverses received thus caused Ajatashatru to rethink his strategy and focus on breaking the Vrijis from within, while coming up with new, more radical weaponry. Arms included: The archers did not carry any shields, as their hands were already full with bows and arrows. 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