So, preventing measures should be taken in order to prevent such infections. Unsanitary food preparation and handling can also encourage bacterial growth. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Secondary infections occur when someone is in a weakened or compromised state due to an existing illness. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. All conditions Anthrax Prophylaxis Cholera Prophylaxis Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis Meningitis, Meningococcal Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis Plague Prophylaxis Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis Tetanus Prophylaxis Tuberculosis, Prophylaxis Typhoid Prophylaxis. Septicemia is life-threatening and may lead to shock, coma, organ failure and death. Viruses. ", )Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. Some are airborne while others live in water or soil. Viruses are even smaller than bacteria and require living hosts — such as people, plants or animals — to multiply. Bacteria are small single celled organisms & are amongst the most successful life forms on planet. Gram staining, bacterial culture with antibiotic sensitivity determination, and other tests like genetic analysis are used to identify bacterial strains and help determine the appropriate course of treatment. There are numerous bacterial strains some of which cause diseases. It's important to take antibiotics exactly as prescribed. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) CDC. Bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in severity from mild (albeit annoying) to life-threatening. The Black Plague Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria are no longer sensitive to a medication that should eliminate an infection. Bacteria come in three basic shapes: rod-shaped (bacilli), spherical (cocci), or helical (spirilla). The bacteria come from soil, manure or dusts that enter through an open wound. 11. For example, runny nose, cough, headache, and fatigue can occur with the common cold (virus) and with a sinus infection (bacteria). ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance. Experts estimate that there are at least 1 nonillion bacteria on Earth. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. The symptoms of a bacterial or viral infection depend on the area of the body that is affected. Bacteria live in every climate and location on earth. So, preventing measures should be taken in order to prevent such infections. As its name suggests, the … Bloodborne disease, any of a group of diseases caused by pathogens such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in and spread through contact with blood. Pertussis 6. They work by disrupting the processes necessary for bacterial cell growth and proliferation. Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. When the ba… The vast majority of bacteria are harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial. Bacteria can survive in any environment from extreme heat to extreme cold and even radioactive waste. Most human infections in world today are either caused by viruses or bacteria. The following is a comprehensive list of 25 of the most common bacteria and viruses causing HAIs: ... pneumonia and surgical site infections. This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. 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