reversed turn onto downwind. a safe landing is viable. Before you reach a small town in the north-east of EDGS make a left turn to 310° and fly downwind parallel to the runway. 5 There are other methods of joining the pattern at uncontrolled airports. Once you are within 10 feet of the imaginary runway elevation, apply a little backpressure to gradually level off, thereby stopping the descent and reducing airspeed. The approach Flight Five is designed to prepare you for practicing takeoffs and landings in the airport traffic pattern. It should be You should approach the airfield keeping it to your right if the Some handbooks say 300 ft is ok. and subsequent ground roll after which the aircraft is turned off the landing Preparation for your practical test and an introduction to the skills needed to recover from unusual flight attitudes. The use of a pattern at airfields is for aviation safety. The PAPI to the left of the runway indicates if you are at the correct altitude: More red lights than white ones mean, you are too low. Traffic pattern and circuit are the same thing. As soon as the airspeed is within the flap-operating range, which is indicated by a white arc on the airspeed indicator, add 10 degrees of flaps. established in a constant rate of descent and aligned so that the flight path distance. 1500 ft AGL – pattern altitude for fast planes (usually turboprops, jets, etc.). You’ll be in so close, you’ll need to hurry the turn from base to final with a steeper bank angle to avoid overshooting; never a good idea at low altitude. aware of the current runway in use and its serviceability, it may not be Long grass can catch a The pilot-in-command of an People tend to fly enormous traffic patterns. along the landing path; to decide the touchdown technique appropriate for the Plane and Pilot builds on more than 50 years of serving pilots and owners of aircraft with the goal of empowering our readers to improve their knowledge and enthusiasm for aviation. semi-circular base with a short final approach – it is very poor airmanship them. Before commencing Flight Five, be sure to do a thorough Preflight inspection. The most common but not the only version is to join at the beginning of the downwind leg which is normally a left pattern keeping the runway on the pilots side of the cockpit. The big boss baddie in the Steven Segal Movie "Under Siege II", said it so well when his goon told him our hero was dead, but that he hadn't seen the body: "Assumption is the mother of all f*$%-ups!" In case of a crosswind – make sure that the wind does not blow you too far on either side of the centerline. Turns, once established within the circuit, will all be in the same That’s what everyone else will be expecting. And how to avoid common mistakes? traced over the ground during the final approach is on the same line as the that he/she crosses the threshold of the landing runway before descending from high, placed before the airstrip threshold; then touch down and bring the If possible, on a relatively short runway, add half the runway length, and use that position as the turn point to the downwind. It also provides an introduction to traffic pattern communication procedures. Most instructors suggest flying the downwind and base at whatever speed works with other traffic, and use 1.3 Vso for final. and subsequent ground roll after which the aircraft is turned off the landing FirstFlight online lessons are not a substitute for study of the Pilots Operating Handbook/Airplane Flight Manual for the airplane you intend to fly. A During the turn be aware of the reversal Select an intended touchdown target on the airstrip. average recreational pilot may be considerably greater. Set A soft or waterlogged surface might greatly On downwind you have to fly directly the opposite direction to your runway, therefore you need to fly 310°. If you’re approaching the airport from a downwind position and the controller agrees, you might ask for a downwind entry that will place you directly into the pattern without the need for a 45-degree leg. a surface, of ample length, When you have arrived on that point you execute the checlist "Before Takeoff" and after a radio message "Siegerland Info, Four-Xray-Charlie-Hotel-Victor entering the runway and taking off! The FirstFlight® private pilot course – your virtual flight school. ", you take a look outside and make sure that no other aircraft is approaching your runway. If landing requires vertical speed in range between 800-1000ft/min and the aircraft accelerates in descent – it is wise to abort the landing and go around. circuit speed, the airfield is visually checked for serviceability and area at an appropriate taxiing speed. After a few circuits, you will start becoming familiar with the sequence of tasks necessary to fly the pattern, using the proper pitch, power settings and airspeeds that apply on each leg of the pattern. into-wind. significantly greater than the indicated airspeed) and thus the ground speed to the check for conflicting aerial traffic. high sink rate which may be difficult to manage. An aerodrome publishes a "circuit height" or "pattern altitude", that is, a nominal level above the field at which pilots are required (recommended in the US, FAA AC90-66A Para. This is the upwind or into-wind leg. 11 Having a controller monitor traffic isn’t a guarantee of separation from other aircraft. Similarly, square turns are the preferred technique in the pattern, again because that’s what everyone else will expect. the true airspeed is hold airspeed but reduce power so that a descent is started during the turn. 1.5 × Vso] and trim. 1000 feet AGL – standard pattern altitude for aircraft. Carburetor heat, which is required anytime the power setting is outside the green arc, should already be on, having been included in the before-landing checks. aircraft is securely parked, the engine is off and any passenger is safely Be prepared to apply slight forward pressure on the control wheel as the flaps go down in order to maintain your desired airspeed. obstructions, surface wind direction ascertained from observation of the While flying crosswind you should reach the pattern altitude of 1000 ft AGL, which is 3000 ft on your altimeter. wingtip resulting in a groundloop. In a normal GA plane – it is awfully fast. You are flying visually. However when a landing attempt is aborted Basically a pattern is a rectangle with the runway on one of the long sides and you follow the flight path by turning left 90 degrees four times.The individual sections of the pattern are called: It's very important to know the elevation of your airfield in order to know at which altitude you have to fly the pattern. during the final approach; which may erode the safety margin between the Give full throttle and rotate at about 55 KIAS. vary considerably from that at the surface. traffic both airborne and on the ground and particularly any traffic on a When using flaps on base leg and final – do not “fight” them with your throttle.