Post was not sent - check your email addresses! We’ll guide you through the subject! English adjectives have a single form, but in French, they can have up to 4* forms, according to the gender and number of the nouns they modify: Masculine singular is the default form, to which the feminine and/or plural endings are added. A1 | A2 | B1 | B2 | C1 Find your level. Adjectives serve the same purpose in French and English, but they are very different in two other respects. The mark of the feminine for French adjectives is always “e“. Generally, adding this -e at the end of a adjective is sufficient to mark its feminine : But of course there are a lot of exceptions, that we’ll discuss now. For regular adjectives,** these endings are … The mark of the plural for French adjectives is generally a final “s“, but not always. French adjectives ending with “en“, “on“, “eil“, “il” or “ul” double the last consonant before adding the final “e” : French adjectives ending with “er” receive an accent on the last vowel before adding the final “e” : French adjectives ending with “et” double their last consonant, except complet (complete), incomplet (incomplete), concret (concrete), désuet (outdated), discret (discrete), indiscret (indiscreet), secret (secret), inquiet (woried). If you are interested, feel free to visit our blog and discover more about French language and culture. Unlike English, French adjectives follow the noun they modify in most cases. Get the French Pronunciation Crash Course. Wells’s Principles and Applications of Chemistry. Wells. adjective - traduction anglais-français. When the default form of the adjective ends in s or x, the masculine singular and plural forms are the same. French adjectives: forms and rules Adjectives in French agree in number and gender with the noun they qualify. The plural of adjectives in French is generally formed by adding an “s” at the end of the singular form : un grand homme / de grands hommes = notorious men; une pomme rouge / des pommes rouges = red apples; French adjectives already ending with “s” or “x” don’t change at their plural form : le bas quartier / les bas quartiers = the suburbs In French, while several common adjectives come before the noun, the majority of adjectives, including all less frequent adjectives, follow the noun. English adjectives have a single form, but in French, they can have up to 4* forms, according to the gender and number of the nouns they modify: Masculine singular is the default form, to which the feminine and/or plural endings are added. So let’s study the different cases. beau - beautiful, comes before the noun, bon - good, un bon livre - a good book, Additionally, French adjectives can receive a complement and become an adjectival group, that behaves like an single adjective : There are 3 different ways to use French adjectives : The attributive adjective is placed after the noun. Salut, and welcome to our lesson about French adjectives at Language Easy! Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Forums pour discuter de adjective, voir ses formes composées, des exemples et poser vos questions. A substantive color is one that imparts its tint directly to the surface to be dyed, without an intervention of a third substance. Usually adjectives in French come after the noun but there are a few that don't. bien rangé, ordonné (person), bien tenu (housing), soigné, soigneux, élégant (person), génial (great!) All rights reserved. Et voilà, we reached the end of our lesson about French adjectives. In brief, they can be a combination of nouns, adjectives, verbs, past or present participles, adverbs, prepositions, determiners. This free website is created with love and a great deal of work. Adjectives are what you need if you want to describe a person, place, or thing. Here you’ll find a page covering this topic. Sign Up For A FREE Trial French Lesson On Skype And Get Instant Access To My French Pronunciation Crash Course. Your support is entirely optional but tremendously appreciated. To demonstrate this, let’s take our previous example and put it in the feminine / plural : Here are a few examples of French adjectives that differ from the corresponding present participle : Compound adjectives are adjectives that are composed by more than one word (generally two) ; they usually are connected together by a hyphen “-“. This third substance is called mordant. It’s video time! While English adjectives are always placed in front of the nouns they describe, most French adjectives follow nouns: Also see Adjectives that change meaning depending on their placement. The rule for the agreement in gender and number with the noun, for each word inside, is : Let’s see some examples of compound nouns : In the case of plural for compound adjectives with “tout”, it varies only in the feminine : In the compound adjectives where the first word ends by “o” or “i” (in an expressive meaning), it doesn’t vary at all : And finally, compound adjectives describing colors are invariable : The terms substantive (a synonym of noun) and adjective, which are well known in grammar, also have another meaning in the field of chemistry, when applying tints and colors to textiles. When the default form of the adjective ends in a, e, or o, the masculine and feminine forms are the same. Keep going, and soon you’ll be able to express yourself fluently. © 2020 Lawless French. Source : Wells’s Principles and Applications of Chemistry, by David A. But remember, in French, you also need to make your adjectives agree with the word it is describing.But that's a different lesson which you can access here: A Complete and Easy Guide to French Adjectives. As an exception to this rule, the following adjectives are generally placed before : For example, note the place of the adjective at the following sentences, and how it’s different than in English : And as I said, short and appreciative will be placed before the noun : Stay aware that some adjectives can be placed after or before the noun, but with a different meaning.